Detecting navigation events

Access to browser navigation from Blazor is provided via the NavigationManager service. This can be injected into a Blazor component using @inject in a razor file, or the [Inject] attribute in a CS file.

The LocationChanged event

LocationChanged is an event that is triggered whenever the URL in the browser is altered. It passes an instance of LocationChangedEventArgs which provides the following information:

public readonly struct LocationChangedEventArgs
{
	public string Location { get; }
	public bool IsNavigationIntercepted { get; }
}

The Location property is the full URL as it appears in the browser, including the protocol, path, and any query string.

IsNavigationIntercepted indicates whether the navigation was initiated via code or via an HTML navigation.

  • false
    The navigation was initiated by NavigationManager.NavigateTo being called from code.
  • true
    The user clicked an HTML navigation element (such as an a href) and Blazor intercepted the navigation instead of allowing the browser to actually navigate to a new URL, which would result in a request to the server. It will also be true in other cases, such as if some JavaScript on the page causes a navigation (for example, after a timeOut). Ultimately, any navigation event that wasn’t initiated via NavigationManager.NavigateTo will be considered an intercepted navigation, and this value will be true.

Note there is currently no way to intercept a navigation and prevent it from proceeding.

Observing OnLocationChanged events

It is important to note that the NavigationManager service is a long-living instance. Consequently, any component that subscribes to its LocationChanged event will be strongly referenced for the duration of the service’s lifetime. It is therefore important our components also unsubscribe from this event when they are destroyed, otherwise they will not be garbage collected.

Currently, the ComponentBase class does not have a lifecycle event for when it is destroyed, but it is possible to implement the IDisposable interface.

@implement IDisposable
@inject NavigationManager NavigationManager

protected override void OnInitialized()
{
	// Subscribe to the event
	NavigationManager.LocationChanged += LocationChanged;
	base.OnInitialized();
}

void LocationChanged(object sender, LocationChangedEventArgs e)
{
	string navigationMethod = e.IsNavigationIntercepted ? "HTML" : "code";
	System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine($"Notified of navigation via {navigationMethod} to {e.Location}");
}

void IDisposable.Dispose()
{
	// Unsubscribe from the event when our component is disposed
	NavigationManager.LocationChanged -= LocationChanged;
}