Component events

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The EventCallback<T> class is a special Blazor class that can be exposed as a Parameter so that components can easily notify consumers when something of interest has occurred.

Once a public property of type EventCallback<T> has been declared and decorated with the [Parameter] attribute, consuming components can specify in Razor mark-up which method to call when the event is triggered.

Adding an event to the Counter component

In a new Blazor app, edit the /Pages/Counter.razor file and add a new callback parameter.

[Parameter]
public EventCallback<int> OnMultipleOfThree { get; set; }

This declares a new EventCallback named OnMultipleOfThree that any consuming component can register an interest in. The <int> specifies that the value emitted by the event callback will be a System.Int32.

Now if we edit the IncrementCount method we can emit this event whenever the counter is incremented to a multiple of 3.

private async Task IncrementCount()
{
	currentCount++;
	if (currentCount % 3 == 0)
		await OnMultipleOfThree.InvokeAsync(currentCount);
}

Subscribing to EventCallback<T>

Edit the /Pages/Index.razor page so that we embed the Counter component and subscribe to its OnMultipleOfThree event. Change its mark-up to the following.

@page "/"

Last multiple of three = @LastMultipleOfThree

<Counter [email protected]/>

@code
{
  int LastMultipleOfThree = 0;

  private void UpdateLastMultipleOfThreeValue(int value)
  {
      LastMultipleOfThree = value;
  }
}
  • Line 9
    Declares a class member of type int that stores the last multiple of 3 value.
  • Line 3
    Displays the value of LastMultipleOfThree
  • Line 5
    Embeds the Counter component and sets its OnMultipleOfThree event to execute the UpdateLastMultipleOfThreeValue method when the event is emitted.
  • Line 11
    The value received from the event is used to update the value of LastMultipleOfThree.

Differences between EventCallback<T> and .NET events

Single-cast Vs Multi-cast

The most notable difference is that EventCallback<T> is a single-cast event handler, whereas .NET events are multi-cast. Blazor EventCallback<T> is meant to be assigned a single value and can only call back a single method.

// Setting a Blazor EventCallback
<MyComponent [email protected]/>

// Setting a .NET event
MyComponent.SomeEvent += MyMethodToCall;
// Unscrubscribing from the event
MyComponent.SomeEvent -= MyMethodToCall;

Class Vs Struct

.NET events (delegates) are classes, whereas Blazor EventCallback<T> is a readonly struct. Unlike .NET delegates, EventCallback<T> cannot be null and therefore there is no need to do any null checking when emitting the event.

// Invoking a .NET event
MyNetEvent?.Invoke(this, someValue);

// Invoking a CallbackEvent<T>
MyEventCallback.InvokeAsync(someValue);

Awaitable callbacks

Standard .NET events are synchronous, whereas Blazor EventCallback<T> is asynchronous. As we can see in the previous example code, EventCallback<T>.InvokeAsync returns a Task that can be awaited.

Razor mark-up compatibility

It is not possible to decorate a standard .NET event with [Parameter] and have it settable via Razor mark-up, whereas with EventCallback<T> it is. This gives us the ability to express event callbacks in the view mark-up itself, which makes the developer’s intentions easier to see.

Automatic state change detection

Whenever a method is called from an EventCallback<T>, after the method has executed Blazor will execute StateHasChanged() on the consuming component so it can be re-rendered in case the method called altered state. This is not something that will happen if the consumer’s method was called back via a standard .NET event, Action<T>, or any other approach not initiated by EventCallback<T>.

For example, if we add a new [Parameter] to the Counter component of type Action<int> and call it whenever the current count is a multiple of two, we can see how the consuming component’s render behaviour is affected.

Change the Counter component to match the following code:

@page "/counter"

<h1>Counter</h1>

<p>Current count: @currentCount</p>

<button class="btn btn-primary" @onclick="IncrementCount">Click me</button>

@code {
	private int currentCount = 0;

	[Parameter]
	public Action<int> OnMultipleOfTwoAction { get; set; }

	[Parameter]
	public EventCallback<int> OnMultipleOfThree { get; set; }

	private async Task IncrementCount()
	{
		currentCount++;
		if (currentCount % 2 == 0)
			OnMultipleOfTwoAction?.Invoke(currentCount);

		if (currentCount % 3 == 0)
			await OnMultipleOfThree.InvokeAsync(currentCount);
	}
}
  • Line 13
    A [Parameter] is added of type Action<int>
  • Lines 21-22
    If the current count is a multiple of two, then invoke OnMultipleOfTwoAction

Now alter the Index component so that it sets a method to callback whenever the value is a multiple of two, and so it also stores and displays the last number received from OnMultipleOfTwoAction on the consumed component.

@page "/"

<ul>
	<li>Last multiple of two = @LastMultipleOfTwo</li>
	<li>Last multiple of three = @LastMultipleOfThree</li>
</ul>


<Counter [email protected] [email protected] />

@code
{
	int LastMultipleOfTwo = 0;
	int LastMultipleOfThree = 0;

	private Task UpdateLastMultipleOfThreeValue(int value)
	{
		LastMultipleOfThree = value;
		return Task.CompletedTask;
	}

	private void UpdateLastMultipleOfTwoValue(int value)
	{
		LastMultipleOfTwo = value;
	}
}
  • Line 13
    Defines a new member to store the most recent “multiple of two” value passed from the consumed component
  • Line 4
    Displays the value of LastMultipleOfTwo in the user interface
  • Line 9
    Sets OnMultipleOfTwo on the consumed component so that our component is notified whenever the current value is a multiple of two
  • Line 24
    Records the last multiple of two that the consumed component has notified us of

When we run the application now and click the button a number of times, we’ll see that when UpdateLastMultipleOfTwoValue is called back via Action<int> there is no update to the view, but when UpdateLastMultipleOfThreeValue is called back via EventCallback<int> on the next click the view us updated and the latest value of both are displayed.

Sequence of events

Click countCallback executedConsumer re-rendered
1NoneN/A
2Action<int>No
3Action<int>
EventCallback<int>
Yes
4Action<int>No
5NoneN/A
6Action<int>
EventCallback<int>
Yes

Callee method signatures

EventCallback<T> typically calls back a method with the signature private Task SomeName(T value) – where the exposure level of the method is unimportant. However, Blazor will allow us to set an EventCallback<T> to call back methods with a couple of variations.

If our method does not perform any asynchronous operations, then the following implementation may start to become tedious:

public Task SomethingHappenedInChildComponent(string value)
{
  // Do something with value
  return Task.CompletedTask;
}

Because of this, Blazor will allow us to set EventCallback<T> to call back a method with a void return type.

public void SomethingHappenedInChildComponent(string value)
{
  // Do something with value
}

Sometimes we only want to know when an event occurs, and aren’t interested in the value that was passed with it. Blazor will also call back a method that excludes the value parameter.

// Either
public void SomethingHappenedInChildComponent()
{
  // Do something that doesn't need the value
}

// Or
public Task SomethingHappenedInChildComponent()
{
  // Do some asynchronous work that doesn't need the value
  return SomeTask;
}

Please help!

If you've found this site useful, please...